The twentieth century has left us events of the past which do not lose their importance and relevance of historical experience of the struggle of Ukrainians for liberty, independence and statehood. The adoption on January 22, 1919 of the Act of Unity between Ukrainian People's Republic and Western-Ukrainian People's Republic is one of such events. This date was destined to remain forever in the history of Ukraine as great national holiday - the Day of Unity.
It was on that winter day when it was decided to consolidate the Ukrainian people. In the Decree of the Government of the Ukrainian People's Republic it was stressed that everlasting dreams of the best sons of Ukraine have come true. Now the only one Independent Ukrainian People's Republic exists.
Thus, on the basis of the cherished dreams and will of both parts of Ukrainians, objective historical, political, spiritual, legal aspects of this long and painful process the united Ukrainian state has appeared.
However, as it is known, at that time the Ukrainian people failed to realize its historical chance. It couldn’t complete the process of unification under complicated domestic and foreign conditions of that time. Ukraine remained stateless, ethnically divided, geographically torn apart. The loss of statehood once again made the unity of Ukrainian lands an ideal, unrealized dream, eternal aspiration...
Fortunately, those days have gone for Ukraine. We firmly believe that it is for good.
The Unity Act was deeply determined historically and relied on the everlasting Ukrainian people's dream of an independent, sovereign, nation state. It has become a powerful expression of the Ukrainians' aspirations for ethnic and territorial consolidation, an evidence of their dynamic self-identification, of the formation of the political nation.
The idea of unification of the Ukrainian lands acquired the public status much later, when on January 22, 1990 1 to 3 millions of our contemporaries under the blue and yellow national flags set up along the roads and highways a continuous chain from Kyiv to Lviv a continuous chain, uniting East and West of Ukraine in such a symbolic way. This chain has become a symbol of spiritual unity of people of eastern and western lands of Ukraine, the key to the existence of a single, united Ukraine.
On December 30, 2011 President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych issued a decree announcing January 22 as a Day of Unity and Liberty of Ukraine. So on that date the Day of Unity and Liberty is officially marked in Ukraine.